William III became king of Great Britain after the 1688 Revolution. William, along with his wife Mary II, was crowned on February 13 th 1689 after Parliament had decreed that James II had abdicated the throne and that William should succeed him. William was born in November 1650 the only child of Prince William II, the Stadtholder of Holland.
Hadrian's Wall was built on the orders of the Emperor Hadrian. The primary function of Hadrian's Wall was to keep out the Picts. The Roman Army had advanced into north England but attacks by the Picts made life difficult for them. Hadrian's Wall was started in AD 122 and it remains a remarkable piece of engineering in the environment it was built in.
The Romans arrived in Britain in 55 BC. The Roman Army had been fighting in Gaul (France) and the Britons had been helping the Gauls in an effort to defeat the Romans. The leader of the Roman Army in Gaul, Julius Caesar, decided that he had to teach the Britons a lesson for helping the Gauls - hence his invasion.
The Milice was a paramilitary organisation set-up in France during World War Two. The Milice first supported the Vichy government in unoccupied France but was later used in German-occupied France where it supported the Nazi government in Paris. At its peak, it is thought that 35,000 men were in the Milice but no accurate figures were kept.
Not One Step Back' was officially Order Number 227 issued by the Soviet High Command and signed by Joseph Stalin on July 28 th , 1942. 'Not One Step Back' was issued in direct response to Stalin's correct belief that the Nazi's 'Operation Blue' would target Stalingrad. The order was distributed to every unit in the Russian armed forces and read out to all troops.
White working-class boys have become the new “underclass”, a report by Iain Duncan Smith, the former Conservative leader, has warned. Boys from low-income white families are bottom of the heap in school performance, trailing behind every other major ethnic group. The report argues that family breakdown, parental breakdown and peer pressure that it is not “cool to study” are the key factors in the collapse in educational achievements.