New Year's celebrations in the trenches are not as well recorded as Christmas celebrations but they occurred nevertheless. Both sides on the Western Front experienced the horrors of trench life in World War One and did what they could to relieve the monotony and tension. The Xmas truce in 1914 was one such example but it was followed by a New Year's truce as 1914 gave way to 1915.
Timeline of the Winter War 1939 October 5th : Finns invited to talks in Moscow October 12th : Talks began in Moscow between Stalin and Paasikivi. Stalin presented his territorial demands to the Finns. October 25th : Russia rejected Finland's counter-proposals. November 9th : Finns finally reject Russia's demands November 13th : Russia decided on war with Finland.
Mark Clark became the youngest American to be promoted to general in 1945. Clark had a distinguished career in World War Two and is primarily linked to Operation Torch (the invasion of French North Africa) and the campaign in Italy. Mark Clark was born on May 1st, 1896. He went to West Point Military Academy and graduated in time to fight in World War One - he led a company of soldiers in 1917 and was seriously wounded by shrapnel.
Medieval cathedrals dominated the skyline of Medieval England. Cathedrals were far larger than castles - symbolic of their huge importance to medieval society where religion dominated the lives of all - be they rich or peasants. As the photo above of Canterbury Cathedral shows, cathedrals were huge buildings - they were major long term building projects and their cost was huge.
The Harzburg Front of 1931 The Harzburg Front was an attempt by wealthy right wing nationalists in Weimar Germany to join together to use their influence and power persuade the President, Paul von Hindenburg, to remove Chancellor Heinrich Brűning from office. The Harzburg Front met in October 1931 in the small spa town of Bad Harzburg in Brunswick where a Nazi, Dietrich Klagges, had recently been elected State Minister of the Interior.
Most people in Medieval England had to make their own food. Food shops were found in towns but most people were peasants who lived in villages where these did not exist. In Medieval England you, if a villager, provided for yourself and farming for your own food was a way of life dictated by the work that had to be carried out during the farming year.